Spinal disc replacement

Nature has created a marvel of engineering in the form of the spinal cord. The spinal cord consists of 32 bones in our backs that have soft and supple discs in between them. It is this combination of bones and discs that permits us to stand straight and also permits us to bend down as and when required. Every people will experience pain on their back at some period of time or the other. This can be due to our negligence and repeated abuse of the spinal cord.

The pains suffered due to this might range from light to extreme depending on the type on injury we suffer. According to estimates, only 5% of people who suffer from pain in the back actually require surgery. The pains in the backs of other persons are easily treated by use of medications or simple exercises. If you find that the pain in your back is not subsiding even after taking medications or even after performing exercises as recommended by the doctor, then it is high time to meet the surgeon and prepare yourself for surgery. It is strongly recommended that you opt in for the best possible doctor for surgery in the back.

Of all types of operations, surgery in the back region is the toughest since it involves dealing with lots of nerves. Cutting or misplacing even one of them might end with disastrous results for the patient. This is one of the main reasons why surgeons do not want to go in for surgery of the back unless there is no other way out. There are various types of surgery for the back region and one of them is the spinal disc replacement method. Thanks to advances in the field of medical science, what was once thought impossible is nowadays possible.

The medical community is showing a great deal of interest in the replaceable and artificial disks that are now available for those whose spinal discs have been damaged. One should however not forget that this treatment is not a miracle. As with any other type of back surgery, there are both the good and the bad points with spinal disc replacement which is also known as lumbar disc replacement. The artificial disc comprises two metallic endplates (manufactured from cobalt chromium) that have a polythene core that moves between the endplates.

The surgery is carried out under general anesthesia and the patient sleeps for the duration of the surgery. The degenerated disc of the patient is taken out and is replaced by the artificial disc which is inserted in to the space between the vertebrae. The discs are then attached to the vertebrae above and below it. Once this procedure has been carried out, a material made out of polythene is then inserted between the discs to stimulate a normal disc like structure. This artificial disk permits the same range of flexibility as the natural ones. The time for recovery for this type of surgery varies from patient to patient.

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